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Norway–European Union relations

This immigration lasted from the mid-Eighties until 1930, though Norwegians had been already working in Canada as early as 1814. It can be divided into three intervals of roughly fifteen years each. In the first, to about 1900, thousands of Norwegians homesteaded on the Canadian prairies. In the second, from 1900 to 1914, there was an additional heavy influx of Norwegians immigrating to Canada from the United States due to poor financial circumstances in the US, and 18,790 from Norway. In the third, from 1919 to 1930, 21,874 individuals got here directly from Norway, with the peak 12 months in 1927, when 5,103 Norwegians arrived, spurred by severe depression at home.

Beginning in 1350, Danish started to be used as a language of administration, and new kinds of literature started to be written in the language, such as royal letters and testaments. The orthography on this period was not standardized nor was the spoken language, and the regional legal guidelines reveal the dialectal differences between the areas during which they have been written. Until the 16th century, Danish was a continuum of dialects spoken from Schleswig to Scania with no commonplace variety or spelling conventions. With the Protestant Reformation and the introduction of printing, a standard language was developed which was primarily based on the educated Copenhagen dialect. It spread via use in the education system and administration, though German and Latin continued to be crucial written languages nicely into the seventeenth century.

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Therefore, the peasantry remained largely a class of free farmers throughout most of Swedish history. Former slaves tended to be absorbed into the peasantry and some turned laborers within the cities. Still, Sweden remained a poor and economically backward nation during which barter was the means of trade. For instance, the farmers of the province of Dalsland would transport their butter to the mining districts of Sweden and trade it there for iron, which they’d then take all the way down to the coast and commerce the iron for fish they wanted for food whereas the iron would be shipped abroad.


Spanish is spoken by round 330 to 400 million folks, predominantly within the Americas and Spain. Hindustani is spoken by about 370 to 420 million audio system, largely in India and Pakistan. Bengali is spoken by around 250 million folks worldwide, predominantly in Bangladesh and India. Portuguese is spoken by about 230 million speakers in Portugal, Brazil, East Timor, and Southern Africa.

The Norwegian state’s share of the company after the merge was initially sixty two.5%. As a parliamentary decision in 2001 stated it was a objective that the government should personal sixty seven% of Statoil, it was announced that the Norwegian government supposed to extend its share. In 2009, it was introduced that the Norwegian government had reached its goal of acquiring 67% of Statoil’s share. The firm’s management staff was initially to be led by President and CEO Helge Lund (who beforehand held the identical posts at Statoil), with Eivind Reiten, the President and CEO of Hydro, acting as Chairman.

This in flip makes products and services sold in Norway expensive. A beer is dear because the barman needs to be paid to compensate him for not going to the North Sea to work on oil exploration. Espresso is dear as a result of the waiter has to be enticed into making espresso instead of working in Norsk Hydro. For Norwegians, they are low cost by way of working hours, and compared to what foreigners should pay in working hours for related products of their native nation. The Italians and French should pay extra to purchase a litre of petrol and loaf of bread than we do by way of working hours.

Standard Swedish, utilized by most Swedish people, is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects within the nineteenth century and was properly established by the beginning of the twentieth century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects nonetheless exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized. Some dialects differ significantly from the usual language in grammar and vocabulary and are not always mutually intelligible with Standard Swedish. These dialects are confined to rural areas and are spoken primarily by small numbers of people with low social mobility.

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Statoil was required to debate essential issues with the Minister of Industry, later Minister of Petroleum and Energy. Statoil was also required to submit an annual report back to the parliament. “The Norwegian economic system is well organised, and we are frequently making good progress.

Bornholmian is the only Eastern Danish dialect spoken in Denmark, because the other Eastern Danish dialects had been spoken in areas ceded to Sweden and subsequently swedified. Traditional dialects at the moment are mostly extinct in Denmark, with only the oldest generations nonetheless talking them. No legislation stipulates an official language for Denmark, making Danish the de facto language only. The Code of Civil Procedure does, however, lay down Danish as the language of the courts. Since 1997, public authorities have been obliged to watch the official spelling by the use of the Orthography Law.

Sweden remained formally impartial throughout World War I and World War II, although its neutrality during World War II has been disputed. Sweden was under German affect for much of the struggle, as ties to the rest of the world were cut off via blockades. The Swedish government felt that it was in no place norwegian chicks to openly contest Germany, and due to this fact made some concessions. Sweden additionally provided metal and machined components to Germany all through the war. However, Sweden supported Norwegian resistance, and in 1943 helped rescue Danish Jews from deportation to Nazi focus camps.

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Unlike Swedish and Norwegian, Danish does not have multiple regional speech norm. More than 25% of all Danish speakers stay within the metropolitan area of the capital, and most authorities agencies, establishments, and major businesses maintain their main workplaces in Copenhagen, which has resulted in a very homogeneous nationwide speech norm. Following the primary Bible translation, the development of Danish as a written language, as a language of faith, administration, and public discourse accelerated. Major authors from this period are Thomas Kingo, poet and psalmist, and Leonora Christina Ulfeldt, whose novel Jammersminde (Remembered Woes) is considered a literary masterpiece by students.

Country of origin

History now views Gustav I as the father of the fashionable Swedish nation. Furthermore, when Sweden did develop and freed itself from the Hanseatic League and entered its golden period, the truth that the peasantry had traditionally been free meant that more of the financial benefits flowed again to them somewhat than going to a feudal landowning class.

During the latter interval, English adopted “are”, the third particular person plural type of the verb “to be”, as well as the corresponding personal pronoun kind “they” from modern Old Norse. About 2000 of Danish non-compound phrases are derived from the Old Norse language, and finally from Proto Indo-European. Of these 2000 words, 1200 are nouns, 500 are verbs, 180 are adjectives and the rest belong to different word classes. Danish has additionally absorbed numerous mortgage phrases, most of which have been borrowed from Middle Low German within the late medieval period. Out of the 500 most regularly used words in Danish, 100 are medieval loans from Middle Low German, as Low German is the opposite official language of Denmark-Norway.

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